Connecting Communities With Plants: NIU's 'Communiversity' Gardens

It has been a big week for DeKalb County Community Gardens: the three year old not-for-profit won a 20-thousand dollar grant from the organics company Seeds for Change. And Thursday, they broke ground on the “Communiversity Garden,” a collaboration with Northern Illinois University.

As aired on WNIJ's Morning Edition, 5/9/14

 

It was the hottest day of the year so far as students, local dignitaries, and community members lined up to drop a few ceremonial onion starts and sunflower seeds into furrows in the new International Garden.  Jacob Lawrence is founder and president of Communiversity Gardens, the NIU student group behind the huge new garden going in behind Anderson Hall. He says students are more interested in growing their own food than you’d think :

“Rather than being on the couch playing call of duty, they would rather come out there with a wheelbarrow with a shovel and start doing soil. So I tell them it’s like a work out, you get to be in the sun, you get to have fun talking to people. “

Misty Haji-Sheik is one of the founders of DeKalb County Community Gardens. She says last year, the group donated eight tons of produce to local food banks, and expects an even bigger harvest this year from their sites throughout the county.

They’re also going to add a community orchard and what’s called a “food forest.”  DeKalb Mayor John Rey says the new gardens on campus are another way NIU is connecting to the entire community:

“I can see our farmer’s market  thriving from produce from those community gardens, but also bringing the community together”

The “Communiversity Garden’s” first phase is a spoked wheel shaped international garden, where hard-to-get plants from many cultures will be grown. It will eventually include accessible raised beds, an outdoor classroom, and native plantings to attract bees and other pollinators. Food will be shared between volunteers and food programs.

Plant some flowers and save the Monarch butterflies

Plant some flowers and save the Monarch butterflies

BY ELISE BYUN
MAY 13, 2014

Butterfly_2

William Warby/Flickr

Monarch butterfly in the butterfly house at Palmitos Park in Gran Canaria.

They fearlessly travel thousands of miles over several generations but it’s not the long distance flights that are threatening Monarch butterflies. It’s the habitats and food sources that loggers, farmers and maybe even you are taking away. It’s not too late to help them. How? Mow less, plant more.

“Last year was a record low for Monarchs. The lowest [population] we’ve ever seen,” said Allen Lawrance, invertebrate specialist at the Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum. 

A study by the World Wildlife Fund-Telcel Alliance and the Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve Office in Mexico showed Monarch butterflies occupied 44 percent less of Mexico’s forestland in 2013 than in 2012.

Monarch butterflies are famous for their unique migration pattern. They are the only butterfly species in the United States that migrate for the winter, Lawrance said. 

If you were a Monarch butterfly living east of the Rocky Mountains, you would fly to Mexico to escape the cold. If you lived west of the Rocky Mountains, you’d fly to California. But Monarch habitats in the Mexico’s forests have been cut down, Lawrance said. This prevents the butterflies from surviving through the winter.

The other threat to the Monarch’s livelihood is lack of food. Monarch butterflies mainly feed on milkweed. The problem is people don’t like milkweed. “People don’t want [it] around because they view it as a weed. But it’s really an important host plant to maintain,” Lawrance said. Milkweed is a plant that is suitable for a caterpillar to eat and grow on. 

Farmers don’t want milkweed growing near their crops. “They don’t want the growing energies to go to the weeds instead of the corn,” said Lesley Deem, entomologist and director of the Pollinatarium at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 

If you’re against milkweed cultivation, there are other flowers and nectar sources you can cultivate to help the Monarchs. “What’s especially important is to plant flowers that bloom all year round-from the early spring to the late fall,” Lawrance said. Some perennials and good nectar sources include butterfly weed, daisy, primrose, anthemis and phlox.

If you don’t want to garden, there’s another option. Mow less often. It’s a good excuse to put off the chore and enjoy the weekend afternoon biking instead. And when you mow, “raise your mowers up a few inches off the ground so that short plants like clovers can bloom,” Lawrance said. That will provide sustenance for the Monarchs as they fly south for the winter. 

Monarch butterflies only live for about four to six weeks. It takes up to three or four generations for these butterflies to migrate. 

“It’s only the last generation that flies back. So it’s the great-grandkids of the butterflies that were in Mexico,” Lawrance said. Yet they know how to return. Entomologists are still studying how the insects know where to go without ever having been through the migration paths before. 

It would be a shame to lose “this really unique mystery,” Lawrance said.

Deem says Monarchs are important because they are pollinators. Butterflies, along with bees, birds, bats and other pollinators allow people to enjoy a variety of fruits and vegetables. “If we don’t have our pollinators, we’re going to lose about one-third of our food supply,” Deem said. 

Under the Endangered Species Acts, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service can only list species as “threatened” or “endangered” depending on its risk of extinction, Lawrance said. Monarchs are not officially listed as either, which means there is no funding for conservation programs.